Unit 4 – Puzzles & Mysteries
Concept Question: Is there an explanation for everything?
Week 5 – Encyclopedia Brown
Skills & Strategy
How can attention to detail help to solve a problem?
Synonyms & Antonyms
Compare & Contrast
Contractions & Negatives
Challenge Spelling Words
Genre - Realistic Fiction
- tells about events that could really happen
- characters are made up and not real, although things that happen to the characters could happen in real life
- Plot - underlying story structure found in FICTION
-> begins when a character has a problem or conflict
-> builds up during the rising action, is met directly at
the climax, comes to an end as the action winds
down, during the resolution
Problem - central conflict in a story
Rising Action - events in which the problem gets worse as characters try various ways to solve it
Climax - the "high point" of the story where the conflict is directly confronted
Resolution - when the problem is solved
All fiction is based on conflict and this conflict is presented in a structured format called PLOT.
Click on the link below to review more information about story elements using the tale of Cinderella.
Other Definitions of Plot Elements:
The introductory material which gives the setting, creates the tone, presents the characters, and presents other facts necessary to understanding the story.
The use of hints or clues to suggest what will happen later in the story.
Inciting Force / Introduction of Conflict (B)
The event or character that triggers the conflict.
The essence of fiction. It creates plot. The conflicts we encounter can usually be identified as one of four kinds. (Man versus…Man, Nature, Society, or Self)
A series of events that builds from the conflict. It begins with the inciting force and ends with the climax.
The conflict reaches a turning point. At this point the opposing forces in the story meet and the conflict becomes most intense. The crisis occurs before or at the same time as the climax.
The climax is the result of the crisis. It is the high point of the story for the reader. Frequently, it is the moment of the highest interest and greatest emotion. The point at which the outcome of the conflict can be predicted.
The events after the climax which close the story.
Resolution (D) (Denouement)
Rounds out and concludes the action.
Click on the link below. Select Activity 2 - Start Activity to watch a short cartoon clip. Then drag the scenes to the correct part of the plot.
Interactive Pronoun Games:
Building Background Knowledge
Make a concept/word web and place Mystery Stories in the center circle. Think of mystery stories you have read or movies & TV shows you have seen. Identify famous mysteries, common elements of mystery stories, and add them to the web.
When you come across a word you don't know, look for use of a synonym (same or similiar meaning word) or an antonymn (opposite meaning word).
- What are some examples of reference books?
- How are all amphibians alike?
- What do all crimes have in common?
- What animal could you find in an exhibit of reptiles?
- How do you feel when you are the opposite of stumped?
- Is a salamander an amphibian or reptile?
- Does a person who is stumped know the answer?
- Is an atlas a type of reference book?
- Are lizards reptiles?
- An amphibian is an animal that lives __________.
- Unlike mammals and birds, lizards are ________.
- Salamanders are related to ________________.
- An art exhibit might contain _______________.